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How to deal with failures of plate and frame filter

更新时间:2022-11-26访问量:142

  1、 The filter plate of plate and frame filter is loosened and even leaks oil

  Fault analysis: The hydraulic system of the plate and frame filter mainly provides pressure. When the oil filling in the oil chamber A increases, the piston moves to the left and presses the filter plate to make it closed. When the oil filling of oil chamber B increases, the piston moves to the right and the filter plate of the filter is loosened. Due to the precision of manufacturing, there are few faults in the hydraulic system of the filter, so long as daily maintenance is paid attention to. Due to wear, oil leakage will occur every year or so. At this time, repair and replace the O-ring.

  Solution: common hydraulic faults of filter include pressure failure and inappropriate hydraulic cylinder propulsion. The main reasons for failure to maintain the pressure are oil leakage, O-ring wear and abnormal operation of the solenoid valve. The common treatment is to remove and check the valve, replace the O-ring, clean and check the solenoid valve or replace the solenoid valve. If the hydraulic cylinder of the filter is not pushed properly, it is obviously that the air is sealed inside. At this time, as long as the system extracts air, it can be solved quickly.

  2、 The filter plate of plate and frame filter moves slowly or even falls off

  Fault analysis: Sometimes too much oil and dirt on the guide rod will cause the filter plate of the plate and frame filter to travel slowly, or even fall off.

  Solution: At this time, clean the guide rod in time, and apply grease to ensure its lubricity. It should be noted that it is strictly prohibited to smear thin oil on the guide rod, because the thin oil is easy to fall off, which makes the lower side very slippery, and personnel are very likely to fall down during operation and maintenance here, causing personal injury accidents.

  3、 The filter plate of plate and frame filter has grooves

  Fault analysis: after using the filter plate for several years, due to some reasons, some grooves were washed out at the corners. Once the groove mark appears, it will expand rapidly until it affects the formation of filter cake. At first, the filter cake becomes soft, then becomes semi muddy, and the filter cake cannot be formed. Due to the special material of the filter plate, it is difficult to repair, and the filter plate can only be replaced, which results in high spare parts cost. During this period, we tried some repair agents, but the effect was not good. When we changed to oil level repair agents, the situation finally changed. The trial effect was very good, and the sealing effect was achieved.

  resolvent:

  1. Clean the groove, if there is any fresh surface leaking, clean it with a small saw blade;

  2. The black and white repair agents shall be prepared in 1:1 ratio;

  3. Apply the prepared repair agent to the groove, and apply it slightly higher;

  4. Quickly cover the filter cloth of the filter, squeeze the filter plates together, make the repair agent stick to the filter cloth of the filter, and extrude the groove at the same time;

  5. After extruding for a period of time, the viscose will naturally form and will not change any more. At this time, it can be used normally.

  4、 Uneven or incomplete formation of filter cake of plate and frame filter

  Fault analysis: There are many reasons for uneven cake shape of plate and frame filter, such as insufficient or too thin feed, or blockage. For these faults, we should carefully investigate the causes, finally find out the exact problem, and then cure the problem according to the symptoms.

  Solutions: The main solutions are: increase the feeding, adjust the process, improve the feeding, clean the filter cloth or replace the filter cloth, clean the blockage, clean the feed hole, clean the drain hole, clean or replace the filter cloth, increase the pressure or pump power, start at low pressure, continuously pressurize, etc.

  5、 The plate frame of the plate frame filter is damaged

  Fault analysis: The causes of damage to the filter plate are:

  1. When the filter plate of the filter is not cleaned, sometimes the medium will leak out. Once it leaks out, the edge of the plate frame will be scoured out of small ditches one by one. A large amount of medium leaks out, causing the pressure can not rise, and mud cake can not be formed.

  2. If the outlet is blocked by solids or the feed valve or outlet valve is closed during startup, the pressure will not leak out anywhere, causing damage.

  3. In case of insufficient feeding or improper solid particles contained in the feeding, the plate frame will be damaged due to excessive force.

  4. When the sludge is too thick or dry blocks are left, the feeding port will be blocked. At this time, there is no medium between filter plates of the filter, only the pressure of the hydraulic system itself. At this time, the plate itself is vulnerable to damage due to long-term pressure.

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